Past and Present Poem Exercise Solve Class 10
1. Vocabulary in Use
i. Find the rhyming words for the following words from the poem.
Example: white – light
born: morn sun: morn
day: away set: yet
Swing: wing high: sky
ii. Fill in the blank spaces with the appropriate form of the words in the boldface from the poem.
a. The tree on which the poet's brother used to set the laburnum is still there.
b. The sun used to peep in the poet's house in the morning through the little window of the house.
c. The poet used to think the air must rush as fresh to swallows on the wings.
d. The poet used to think the slender tops of the trees might touch the sky.
e. The poet said that his spirit used to fly in feathers then but now it’s so heavy.
iii. Match the words in column A with their meanings in B.
a. Peep ==> to look quickly and secretly at something
b. Violets ==> a small plant with purple or white flowers 🌹 with a sweet smell that appear in spring
c. Lily ==> a large white or brightly coloured flower 🌸 with petals that curl back from the centre
d. Laburnum ==> a small tree 🌲 with hanging bunches of yellow flowers
e. Slender ==> thin or narrow
f. Spirit ==> the part of a person that include their mind, feelings and character
g. Lilac ==> a bush or small tree 🌲 with purple or white flowers with a sweet smell that grow closely together in the shape of a cone
2. Reading Comprehension
Past and Present Poem Question Answers Class 10
i. Read the poem again, and answer these questions.
1. Who composed this poem?
Ans: Thomas Hood composed this poem.
2. What is the poem about?
Ans: The poem is about the childhood life and memories.
3. What does the poet remember in the first stanza?
Ans: In the first stanza, the poet remembers his childhood, the house where he was born and those beautiful days when sun rays came peeping through his window in the morning
4. What does he wish in the first stanza?
Ans: In the first stanza, he wishes the night that his tiredness would go away when the night falls.
5. What does he remember in the second stanza? (Past and Present poem)
Ans: He remembers the roses, violets, lily cups, lilacs and laburnum in the second stanza.
6. How does the poet describe his childhood in the third stanza? (Past and Present poem)
Ans: The poet describes his childhood in the third stanza as being very happy and energetic.
6. Was the poet really closer to heaven when he was a child? Why does he think so?
Ans: Yes, the poet was really closer to heaven when he was a child. He thinks so because of his childhood ignorance.
In the poem ‘Past and Present’, the poet initially portrays his childhood and the house where he was born. Those beautiful days when the sun rays came peeping through his window in the morning are still vivid in his memory. In the second stanza, he remembers the days of his childhood where he used to see and feel the beautiful colours of roses and lilies and lilacs. In the same way, he talks about the tree in which he and his brother used to set the laburnum on his brother’s birthday.
The third and fourth stanzas show the contrast experience of his past and present. He vividly remembers how he used to swing, enjoy the breeze and wind. In the same way, he was all energetic and high in spirit. But now, he does not have the energy to lift his spirit. The water in the pool was cool and pleasant but now it is not cool enough to cool his fever. Finally, he says how he used to think in the wildest manners about fir trees and their slender tops which could touch the sky. Now he misses the joy of his childhood and realizes that nothing is attainable.
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