Class 10 English Unit 19 Interpreting Graphs, Charts and Diagrams Notes
1. Vocabulary in use
Find the synonyms of the following words from the text.
portrays - reveals/depicts
discloses - reveals
escalated - increased
precisely - exactly
tendency - trend
stable - constant
2. Reading comprehension
Choose the best alternative to complete the following sentences.
a. The number of the students in the school was the same in all years
b. The ratio of boys and girls in 2015 was 6:5.
c. The number of girls increased more than the number of boys that decreased.
d. The data presented in the bar chart surprises us because the total figure of the students did not change.
ii. Study the bar chart, and answer these questions.
a. What kinds of data are presented in the above bar diagram?
Ans: Between 2011 and 2015, a bar graph shows the number of students attending public schools in Ilam for each gender.
b. How many girls were studying in 2015?
Ans: In 2015, there were 600 girls at the school.
c. What was the number of boys that decreased every year?
Ans: Every year, the number of boys dropped by one hundred.
d. What percentage of boys decreased over a period of five years?
Ans: In five years, about 17% of boys decreased.
e. What might be the reason behind the decreased number of boys and increased number of girls?
Ans: English-medium schools may draw attention to boys. The value of education for females is also well recognized.
Read more: class 10 Nepali guide Book
a. How many students appeared in the SL
examination in the year 2072-073?
Ans: In 2072-073, 436983 students took the SLC test.
b. What is the percentage of students who scored grade C+?
Ans: 7.31% of students received a C+ or above.
c. Which grade was scored by the majority of the students?
Ans: The majority of students scored a grade of D or worse.
i. What is the total number of students who achieved the grade D+?
Ans: A total of 71125 pupils received a D+.
j. Is the achievement level of the students in the SLC examination satisfactory? Why? Why not?
Ans: No, the results aren't good enough since more than half of the students received a D+, a D, or an E. (Very insufficient).
A. Engage yourself
Look at the following sentences, and observe how the connectives are used.
a. Manisha didn't go to school because of a headache. (Reason)
b. She helped the needy ones in spite of her poverty. (Contrastive)
c. Unless you work very hard, you cannot achieve the desired success. (Condition)
d. In order to be an engineer, my sister practises mathematics more at school. (Purpose)
e. She went to the beauty parlour so that she could get her hair cut. (Purpose)
f. While I was walking on the bank of a river, I saw a crocodile floating in the river (Time)
g. She grows a lot of rice but my brother doesn't. (Contrastive)
h. I enjoyed the weekend despite my busy schedule. (Contrastive)
B. Time for grammar
1. Rewrite the following sentences using the appropriate connectives in the box.
a. Namita didn't get good marks in the exam though she had studied well.
b. She goes to the river in order to fetch water.
c. They went to Ilam so that they could enjoy observing the tea garden.
d. Mallik has topped the list despite his negligence.
e. Although my uncle is rich, he never buys expensive clothes.
f. Whenever you are free, you can come.
g. You can stay with me as long as you want.
h. They will come as soon as they listen to the news.
i. He had been to Jhapa after he passed Master of Business Study.
j. The passengers tied their seat belts before the plane took off
2. Read the following text, and fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.
Here is the process that explains the ways in which bricks are made for the building industry. Overall, there are seven stages in the process, beginning with the digging up of clay and culminating in the final product.
First, the clay which is used to make the bricks is dug up from the ground by a large digger. This clay is then placed onto a metal grid, which is used to break up the clay into smaller pieces. A roller assists in this process. Following this, sand and water are added to the clay, and this mixture is turned into bricks by either placing it into a mold or using a wire cutter.
Next, these bricks are placed in an oven to dry for 24-48 hours. In the subsequent stage, the bricks go through a heating and cooling process. They are heated in a kiln at a moderate and then a high temperature, followed by a cooling process in a chamber for 2-3 days. Finally, the bricks are packed and delivered to their destinations.
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